The whole church goes on retreat for six weeks about a month and a half after the Christmas season. This annual spiritual renewal prepares us for the celebration of Christianity’s most fundamental belief: Jesus was raised from the dead and is Christ, the Lord. We need to see this event from both sides – before and after – because each side of the story is incomplete with out the other.
The word Lent comes from the Anglo-Saxon word that means “springtime.” And while the season acquired its name because the greatest part of Lent usually falls in the month of March, which is also the month of the spring solstice, it is the spiritual meaning that we must concern ourselves with. Lent can be seen as a springtime of the soul – a time of growth in the faith and a time to nurture the faith that is already present. It is a time of spiritual preparation, reflection, growth and change.
It is customary for the faithful to include fasting or restriction of some of their favourite foods or drinks during the forty days of Lent. It is also customary to spend more time in prayer and meditation, and to make personal sacrifices in the spirit of the season. Everyone is encouraged to seek God’s love in meaningful ways.
The forty days of Lent is a time in which we do penance, fast and pray to prepare ourselves for the resurrection of Our Lord; and also to remind us of His own fast of forty days before His Passion. The Lenten season begins officially on Ash Wednesday, and ends with the evening mass of the Lord’s Supper on Holy Thursday.
On Ash Wednesday the spirit of Lent is embodied with the signing of our foreheads with ashes. All are reminded to be sorry for sin and to do penance, but not in a spirit of showy sadness or inward despair, but in humility, sincerity and inner joy. Knowing that God desires to forgive, to heal, and to share with all people His own divine life. Also, He asks us to discipline our passions gladly and with confidence of victory. Therefore, the Church encourages us to do some acts of penance – fasting, abstinence, and almsgiving.
Purple is the colour associated with the season of Lent and is prominent in the vestments and church decorations. It is a colour reminiscent of royalty and repentance. It reflects the serious and somber nature of this time in the life of the Church.
During Lent the joyful acclamations of “Alleluia” and “Glory to God” disappear from the liturgy. Similarly, the holy water fonts are emptied. Stones may be placed in the fonts, so as to cause those who approach to dip their fingers and make the sign of the cross to reflect on the sadness of Christ’s passion and death, and the reason that necessitated it – our sins. The ritual actions to which we are very accustomed, but perhaps have given little thought to or taken for granted, are now taken away so that we may better appreciate them and await their return when Jesus rises triumphantly on Easter Sunday breaking the bonds of sin and death.
The season of Lent describes mankind’s striving, failings, and finally salvation. The story that we recall as we commence Lent, is unfinished. Although Jesus has achieved our redemption, each human being must appropriate it to himself. To accomplish this, Jesus asks us to follow His example. To be another Christ means to serve our brothers and sisters around us, and by way of sacrifice – the spirit of the Lenten Season – to apply the fruits of the Redemption to our lives.
The message of Easter — of the resurrection of Jesus – takes us beyond the cross to the joy and hope that comes from knowing the Risen Lord. It was Christ risen that allowed his disciples to fully know that God exists, that there is a future for every human being, and that our cry for unending life is indeed answered in Him. This is the real message of Easter!
Images of Jesus’ passion, the carrying of the cross, and the acceptance of the Father’s will in sacrificial love have moved many in our diocese to see the suffering face of Christ in the refugee families that we have welcomed and supported. God moves us in faith to act with the same love that our Lord offers for the entire world. It is a love that restores dignity for those who have been exiled from their homes, transforming strangers into neighbours, and calling us to respond with compassion and care to those who are suffering and vulnerable. This is a true sign of the Easter faith which caused the disciples not to proclaim the tragedy of Jesus’ death but rather the sharing of his resurrection, the promise of eternal life with joy and confidence through the gift of the Holy Spirit. Jesus revealed himself to the disciples in so many tangible ways especially in the enduring gift of himself “in the breaking of the bread“ – the Eucharist. He also commissioned Mary as the “apostle (the one sent) to the apostles,” to bring this good news of the resurrection to the world. He invites us like Mary to enter the tomb, to enter into the mystery which God has accomplished with his vigil of love. To enter into mystery means the ability to wonder, to contemplate; the ability to listen to the silence and to hear the tiny whisper amid great silence by which God speaks to us [cf. 1Kings 19:12] Like Mary we need humility to enter into this mystery. To know with confidence that our search for truth, beauty and love is fully revealed in the risen Christ. May our witness of this sacred mystery revealed in the dignity of each human person, silence the deafening call for euthanasia and assisted suicide in our country of Canada.
Easter calls us to promote with renewed vigor the sanctity of human life with grateful and joyful hearts. Easter calls us to move beyond the tomb with conviction to share the good news of the Resurrection with one another. Easter calls us to courageously follow Jesus Christ, the risen one, and to boldly proclaim that out of darkness and suffering come new life. This Easter let us rise up to meet the world and our culture of death with the witness of our faith. It is my hope that we discover new ways to share this Easter faith, the Good News of Jesus’ resurrection.
☩ William McGrattan
Bishop of Calgary
On January 4, 2017 – the feast of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton – I was appointed by Pope Francis to serve as the eighth bishop of the Diocese of Calgary. The welcome and support that I have received during these few short weeks has been a warm embrace that can only be described in terms of our faith. It has been a reception which reflects the “sensus fidelium” inspired by the Holy Spirit expressed in the living faith of the entire Church. Throughout the greetings and care extended to me during the period of transition – the installation mass and the reception which followed – there is also an important recognition and deep appreciation of the past, especially in the recent witness and service of Bishop Fredrick Henry. The old and the new are celebrated together in the blessed continuity of having a successor of the apostles to lead this local church.
I am very honoured and humbled by this appointment and grateful for the opportunity to serve as Shepherd of the Church in the Diocese of Calgary. Guided by my motto, Trust in the Lord, I have taken many leaps of faith in my life, to priesthood, to the episcopate, to service in Toronto and to the Diocese of Peterborough. Now I am about to be cast into the deep interior of Alberta, all the way to the beautiful Rocky Mountains and the fertile plains of the Bow River. I cannot help but feel daunted by what lies ahead. Nevertheless, I make a bold move forward, trusting in the sustaining power of God and the support of many people and fellow ministers of the Gospel.
I am deeply indebted to my predecessors in this diocese, especially Bishop Henry, who, like the wise master builder spoken of in Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians, has laid a solid foundation [1 Corinthians 10]. I honour this legacy and want to build upon it.
Although I can only walk in my own shoes, I want to be like the steward who brings out of his storeroom treasures both old and new [Matt 13:52]. I look forward to carrying on the many good initiatives begun by Bishop Henry, coming to know you and to grow with you in the love of Jesus Christ and together sharing that love with all our brothers and sisters. Together as bishop, clergy and people, we will listen to what the Spirit is saying to us in our context and discern how to live and witness as disciples of Christ.
As your new bishop, I come to this role as that of the shepherd–servant who accompanies the people in their journey of faith, pointing them to the signs of the new Blessing and leading them in the direction of the kingdom.
I am committed to serving the life of the Church in Calgary which must always be renewed through the pattern of the paschal mystery of Christ: a Church that dies to worldly power, privilege, clericalism and rises to humility, simplicity, equality and servanthood; a Church that is called to sacrifice, to become poorer and humbler but hopefully more of a light and a sacrament of God’s love to the world. A confident sign of hope and a bearer of the resurrection vision that we have received through the Spirit.
Pope Francis urges us to be a Church where everyone can feel welcomed, loved, forgiven and encouraged to live according to the Gospel. There can be no future for the living Church without there being a space of welcome for those who have been hurt, damaged or alienated; be they victims of abuse, survivors, those who are separated and divorced, the marginalized or disaffected members of our community who experience this because of their race, ethnicity, sexual identity, culture and religious belief.
I am committed to our building the Church of Calgary to be a house for all peoples, a Church where there is less an experience of exclusion but more an encounter of radical love, inclusiveness and solidarity. “Love one another as I have loved you” [13 John 34].
These words of Jesus can be fully understood not only in terms of his relationship with the disciples but also in the larger context of his engagement with the people. The world wants us to show what authentic Christian love is and we must admit at times what they find does not always reflect the words, gestures and actions of Christ. He shows love not only by his passion and death on the cross. He also demonstrates that love through his acceptance, embrace, affirmation, compassion, forgiveness and solidarity, especially towards those stigmatised by others. In doing so he has a habit of challenging ingrained stereotyped attitudes, subverting the tyranny of the majority, breaking social taboos, pushing the boundaries of love and redefining its meaning. It is his radical vision of love, inclusion and human flourishing that promotes a desire for holiness that ought to guide our pastoral response.
We cannot regain our moral credibility and Christian witness without first reclaiming that vision of the humble, powerless, loving Servant-Leader, and making it the cornerstone of all that we do and all that we are as the church.
With you, the clergy, and the Catholic people of the Diocese of Calgary, I am launching out into the deep. With you, I am embarking on a new Exodus, walking as pilgrims together, accompanying one another as companions on the journey. “There is no greater love than to lay down one’s life for his friends” [15 John 13].
These words of Jesus challenge us to be the Church that we should be and could be: a house for all peoples, an oasis for the weary and troubled, a field hospital for the wounded, a refuge for the oppressed, a voice for the voiceless and faceless. To become a home that welcomes the young, assists the elderly and supports the family in the struggles that they face.
In becoming the bishop of Calgary I am reminded of the words of a sermon by St. Augustine when he said, “The day I became a bishop, a burden was laid on my shoulders for which it will be no easy task to render an account. The honors I receive are for me an ever-present cause of uneasiness. Indeed, it terrifies me to think that I could take more pleasure in the honor attached to my office, which is where the danger lies, than in your salvation which ought to be its fruit. Therefore, being set above you fills me with alarm, whereas being with you gives me comfort. Danger lies in the first, salvation in the second.”
With grateful heart, I ask for your prayer and support as I walk with you in the new Exodus to the fullness of life and love, to know and experience the gift of salvation that is found in Christ.
☩ William McGrattan
Bishop of Calgary
I was ordained a bishop on the Feast of the Birth of St. John the Baptist, June 24, 1986 (please note that it was the “Birth” and not the “Beheading”). It seemed particularly appropriate that the later part of Chapter 1 of John’s Gospel should be proclaimed during the Eucharistic liturgy on the day of my episcopal retirement, January 4, 2017.
John the Baptist saw Jesus coming toward him and declared, “Here is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! This is he of whom I said, ‘After me comes a man who ranks ahead of me because he was before me.’ ”
Saint Augustine makes this contrast between John and Jesus, highlighting the humility of John, whose role was to prepare the way of the Lord: “John is the voice, but the Lord is the Word who was in the beginning. John is the voice that lasts for a time; from the beginning Christ is the Word who lives forever.”
Take away the word, the meaning, and what is the voice? The voice without the word strikes the ear but does not build up the heart.
…When the word has been conveyed to you, does not the sound seem to say: The word ought to grow, and I should diminish? The sound of the voice has made itself heard in the service of the word, and has gone away, as though it were saying: “ My joy is complete. Let us hold on to the word: we must not lose the word conceived inwardly in our hearts.”
John saw where his salvation lay. He understood that he was a lamp, and his fear was that it might be blown out by the wind of pride.
In today’s gospel we find John directing two of his disciples away from himself and towards the one whom he proclaimed as the Lamb of God. As a result John’s two disciples became disciples of Jesus. Having responded to John’s invitation to go towards the Lamb of God, they subsequently responded to Jesus’ invitation to come and see. John was not possessive about his group of disciples. He encouraged them to go towards someone else who had more to offer them than he had.
To love others in the way God loves them is to want what is best for them, and that will often mean letting them go to others who can help them to grow as human beings and as children of God in ways that we cannot. It is above all the Lord who can help us to grow fully as human beings and as sons and daughters of God. The greatest act of love we can show to others is to let them go to the Lord, to direct them to the Lord as John the Baptist directed his own disciples: “look, here is the Lamb of God.”
There was only so much John could do in leading his disciples to Jesus. They had to make their own personal response to the call of Jesus to come and see. There is only so much any of us can do to lead others to the Lord. At some point, we all have to make our own personal response to the Lord’s personal call to each one of us: “Come and see. They came and saw where he was staying, and they remained with him that day” (John 1:39).
✠ F. B. Henry
Apostolic Administrator for the Diocese of Calgary